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Rent a car in Russia

 rent a car russia

Form of government: federal semi-presidential republic 

Area: 17,075,200 km ² 

Population: 145,537,200 inhabitants 

Official language: Russian 

Religion: predominantly Christian, Islam, others 

Capital: Moscow 

Currency: Ruble 

National Day: June 12 

Time zone: UTC 2-12 

Internet domain:. Ru 

Area code: 7 

 

Geographic location 

Russia covers a vast territory in Europe and Asia. With an area of 17,075,200 km2, Russia is the largest country in the world, nearly two times the territory of the two countries in scope, Canada. Despite its extent, Russia is only the eighth country in terms of number of inhabitants. 

 

Neighborhood 

Russia shares land borders with the following countries (counterclockwise from northwest to southeast): Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and Korea North. It also is very close to USA, Canada, Armenia, Iran, Turkey and Japan. USA is situated at a distance of only 3 km Diomede Islands (one controlled by Russia, another U.S. control) and Japan (Hokkaido) is situated at a distance of 20 km of the Kuril Islands. 

 

Relief 

Most of the country consists of vast plains, both in the European 

and in the Asian, the latter is generically known as Siberia. These plains are predominantly steppe to the south and the northern plains are covered with forests, with tundra on the north coast. Permafrost (areas of Siberia and Far East) occupies more than half of Russian territory. Mountain ranges are found along the southern border as the Caucasus Mountains (Mount Elbrus, 5.633m, the highest peak of Russia and Europe), Altai Mountains and Volcanoes Verhoiansk the Kamchatka Peninsula. In the central Ural Mountains are a mountain range that stretches from north to south and Eurasia in conventionally divided into two continents, the European and Asian. 

Russia has a very extensive coastline of over 37,000 km along the Arctic Ocean and the Pacific, and along seminînchise large enclosures, such as the Baltic, Black Sea and Caspian Sea. The most important islands are Russian Novaya Zemlya and the Franz Josef Land, Novosibirsk Islands, Wrangel Island, the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin. 

The most important lakes include Lake Baikal in Russia (the deepest lake, the largest volume of freshwater in the world), Lake Ladoga and Lake Onega. 

 

Climate 

Russian Federation stretches over most of northern Eurasian supercontinent. Although this territory is a good article and subarctic areas, there is less population, economic activity and physical variety than in other countries. Large expanses of May in the south of these regions contain a wide variety of landscapes and climates. Most of Russian land in this area has continental climate and the Arctic. Russia is the coldest on earth. The average annual temperature is -5.5 ° C (22 ° F). For comparison, average annual temperature in Iceland is 1.2 ° C (34 ° F) and the corspunzătoare in Sweden is 4 ° C (39 ° F), although it must be said that the variety of climates in Russia makes such comparisons less edifying. 

 

Tourism 

According to statistics available in 2005, Russia has 13 cities with over 1 million people, (the list starts from largest to smallest): Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Omsk, Kazan, Celibiansk , Rostov on Don, Ufa, Volgograd and Perm. 

 

Main Towns - Tourist Attractions 

Moscow 

It is a port, capital and largest city of Russia. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was the capital until 1991 and is situated on the river Moscow. Moscow is the economic, political and cultural center of Russia. 

Moscow covers an area of approximately 800 square kilometers, is a city of concentric radial type. 

Point of interest: the center of Moscow is the Kremlin, which is the seat of government, and nearby is Red Square. 

More than 75 major educational institutions, including the famous State University, is in Moscow. About 700 scientific institutions have their main representative in Moscow. An impressive number of museums are located in the capital, including the Tretyakov Art Gallery, AS Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, the Central Lenin Museum, the Museum of Oriental Culture. Exhibition includes 72 pavilions Economic dealing with industry, agriculture, science and culture. Another important institution of the Moscow Botanical Garden of Russian Academy of Science. 

 

St. Petersburg 

Known as Leningrad in Soviet times as Petrograd, is located in northwest Russia in the Neva River delta, in the eastern Gulf of Finland Baltic Sea. 

It was founded by Tsar Peter the Great in 1703 as a "window to Europe", being at that time capital of the Russian Empire until 1918. With nearly 4.5 million people is today the second largest city of Russia, the fourth largest city in Europe, a European center of culture very important and the most important Russian port on the Baltic Sea . 

Majestic image of the city is due to various architectural details: long, straight boulevards, vast spaces, gardens and parks, decorative wrought iron fences, monuments and decorative sculptures. Neva River with its many canals, bridges and quays of granite, giving the city a unique style, unmistakable. Many channels have made the city be given the nickname "Venice of the North". 

St. Petersburg is known for the 300 bridge. 

Location St. Petersburg near Arctic Circle, at the same latitude as the cities Helsinki, Stockholm and Oslo (60 ° N) are the twilight to last all night in May, June and July. This phenomenon is known as the white nights. Another attraction is the nine bridges that open locks above Neve. Tourists flock to see bridges lowered and raised to allow ships to cross the city. 

The historic center of St. Petersburg, sometimes called open-air museum of neoclassicism was the first Russian patrimony inscribed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. 

 

Palaces 

St Petersburg was known as a city palace. One of the oldest is the Summer Palace, a modest house built by Peter the Great in the Summer Garden (1710-1714). Much more imposing are the baroque palaces of his companions, such as is Menshikov Palace. An annex to the palace now houses the St. Petersburg State University. 

Probably the best known of imperial palaces is the Winter Palace (1754-1762), a huge building with dazzlingly luxurious interiors, which is currently based Hermitage Museum. Architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli also designed three residences on the Nevsky Prospekt noble: Stroganov Palace (1752-1754, today's Wax Museum), Vorontsov palace (1749-1757, today's military school) and Anichkov palace. Other baroque palaces include Şeremetiev house on the Fontanka and Splaiul Beloselski-Belozerski palace. 

Neoclassical palaces of the best known is Castle St. Michael's (or Engineers. Even the left is the Hermitage Palace Marble Palace, Palace Mihael (1819-1825), famous for its opulent interiors, named after its first occupant, Grand Duke Mikhail Pavlovich, now head of the Russian Museum. Built in neoclassical style are also Yusupov Palace, (end of the last decade of the eighteenth century), Palace Razumovski (1762-1766), Shuvalov palace (1830-1838), where Rasputin was killed and Elaghin Palace (1818-1822). 

 

Churches 

The largest church is St. Isaac (1818-1858), which has one of the largest domes in the world. Another church is magnificent Kazan Cathedral (1801-1811), located on Nevsky Prospekt, which is copied after St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican. No tourist loses the opportunity to visit bloody Savior Church (1883-1907), a grandiose monument to the old Russian style which marks the place where he was assassinated Alexander II, czar of Russia. How Peter the Great forbade the construction of an onion-shaped towers, this church is the only town with this unique type of dome. 

Peter and Paul Cathedral, (1712-1732), the symbol of a very long time, houses the tomb of Peter the Great and other kings of Russia. Beyond these four principal cathedrals, which are part and museums, there are other churches. Of Baroque buildings, is the grandest cathedral Smolnîi. 

Alexander Nesvski Monastery which was intended at first to be resting place of Alexander Nevsky's remains, its walls has two cathedrals and smaller churches in several different styles. Is remarkable and Tihvin Cemetery, where are buried many famous Russians. 

Mosque in St Petresburg, (1909-1920), the largest in Europe, is constructed using as a model Timuride mosques in Samarkand. 

 

Saints Peter and Paul Fortress, which was a long and prison for political prisoners, the dominant center. It was built a bridge over a portion of the fortress wall, giving visitors a broad view of the river to the south. On the other side of Neve on Vasilevsky island earth language, it stands the former Fellowship, (1805-1810), reminiscent of an ancient Greek ancient temple. 

 

Museums 

Undoubtedly, the most famous museum is the Hermitage. The museum has one of the richest collections of Western European art. His extensive collections were first presented publicly in Greek Renaissance style wing built by Leo von Kenzi, (1838-1852), wing now called the New Hermitage. The first museum in the city was founded by Peter the Great in Kunstkammer, built in 1718-1734 on the opposite bank of the Neva River, and housed in a while and the Russian Academy of Sciences. Other attractions include the Museum of Applied Arts, Museum of Ethnography, Suvorov Military History Museum, Museum of History and Politics. 

 

Education Institutions 

St. Petersburg State University, Academy of Art in St. Petersburg, Smolîi Institute (1806-1808), originally the first school for women in Russia, Catherine Institute, School of Riding the horses Imperial Guard (1804-1807), it being recently appointed as head of the Central Exhibition Centre.

 

Stores 

Some stores are rightly sights. For example, the monumental New Holland Arch and the adjacent walls Ostrovul New Holland are occupied by commercial enterprises. Palace on Nevsky Prospekt traders hosts a large supermarket, several cafes and a metro station. Other department stores built in the majestic Art Nouveau style, bordering on Nevsky Prospekt and include Eliseev Emporium Bazaar House Passage Books and shop. 

 

Theaters 

Alexandrinskii Theatre, Theatre Mariinski, (also known as the old name, the Kirov Opera and Ballet Theatre), which transformed the ballet world capital city, St. Petresburg Conservatory, first in Russia, was opened in 1862 and called his name Nikolai Rimski-Korsakov. 

 

Public Monuments 

Perhaps the best known symbol of St Petersburg is the equestrian statue of Peter the Great statue occupies a prominent place in Russian literature as the rider of bronze (Mednii Vsadnik). 

Palace Square is dominated by a single monument, Alexander Column, (1830-1834), a piece of red granite from Finland, the highest column of its kind in the world, so well fitted, that it needs no added to its base to ensure stability. Great monument of Generalissimo Alexander Suvorov, represented as a young god of war, was built in 1801 on the Field of Mars, which had been used to date for military parades and popular festivals. St. Isaac Square monument is decorated by Czar Nicholas I, which is the only equestrian statue with two points of support (the horse's hind legs). 

Among the public monuments of the city is circular and the statue of Empress Catherine the Great on Nevsky Prospekt, the bronze statues of horses on the bridge Anichkov, an equestrian statue of Rodin's style of Tsar Alexander II and gave the people Monument tercentenary France and installed Sennaia market. 

Some of the most important events in history are the monuments of the city special. Russian victory over Napoleon is commemorated by two triumphal arches, one being in Narva, another Moscow Gate. In the same tradition, Piskarevskoie Cemetery was opened in 1960 as a monument to the victims of the 900-day siege of Leningrad. 

 

Satellite cities 

St. Petersburg is surrounded by imperial residences, some of which are described in the World Heritage list. These residences are Peterhof, the palace of the great and famous Peterhof fountains cascading Pushkin with the baroque Catherine Palace and the neoclassical Alexander Palace, and Pavlovsk, which contains the palace of Emperor Paul I (1782-1786) and one of wider English-style parks in Europe. 

Most of Peterhof and Pushkin's site have been widely restored after being dynamited by retreating German troops. Other imperial residences need to be restored play brilliance. Gatchina, located 45 km southwest of St. Petersburg, the imperial palace has 600 rooms and a beautiful park. Oranienbaum, founded by Prince Menshikov, has a baroque palace and one decorated in Chinese style. In Strelna is a hunting villa of Peter the Great and Russian presidents palace used for meetings with foreign guests. 

Other attractions are Shlisselburg, with its medieval fortress, and Kronstadt, the fortifications of the nineteenth century and naval monuments. 

 

Nizhny Novgorod 

Known also shortened as Nizhny, is the fourth largest city of Russia, after Moscow, St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk Petresburg. Has a population of 1,311,252 inhabitants. The city is the economic and cultural center of the vast Volga-Vyatka economic region and also the administrative center of Nizhny Novgorod region and the Volga Federal District. 

Between 1932 and 1990, the city was called Gorky, named as the writer Maxim Gorky honor. 

Most of the historic city center is composed of Russian Revival style buildings and the Stalinist Empire. The representative image of the city is the Kremlin walls (1500 - 1511), with red brick towers. After the Bolshevik demolition, only original building remaining within the fortification walls was Archangel Cathedral (1624-1631), building a place of worship built over the old XIII century. 

Other tourist attractions are two medieval monasteries: Caves Monastery (a cathedral tight five towers (1 632) and two churches with tent-shaped roof, in 1640), and the Monastery of the Annunciation (surrounded by strong walls The city, with a cathedral with five towers (1649) and Church of the Annunciation (1678)). The only private house that has been preserved from ancient times is Puşnikov merchant house. 

Most original and beautiful churches of the city were built Stroganov merchant family in baroque style. Among them the Nativity Church of Our Lady of the center, or Church of Our Lady of Smolensk (1694-1697) of Gordeevka suburb, near where the old, the Stroganov Palace. 

 

Other churches worth seeing are: 

Saviour Cathedral, so-called New Cathedral exhibitions freshly rebuilt Church of the Nativity of John the Baptist (1676-1683), located near the Kremlin walls, used in the post Soviet era apartment building, the Annunciation Church of the Holy Hill Iliel; place the worship of believers of the old Bugrovskoe Cemetery (1910) wooden church of St. Speeches (1660), made in Nizhny Novgorod in the country. 

 

Nizhny Novgorod has many industrial satellite cities - Kstovo, Dzerzhinsk, and Bor. Semyonov city in the north of Nizhny Novgorod, is a center of famous producers Hohloma objects painted on wood. Another satellite town, Balakhna, is famous for its medieval architecture. 

. The city has many museums - art, history and culture. But what gives a special note of this gallery is stunning collection of Russian Avant-Garde - Casimir Malevich, Wassily Kandinsky, Natalia Gonciarova, Mikhail Larionov and others. There is a large collection of Oriental art.

 

 

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